Prof. Dr. Şenol Polat


Rhinoplasty, also known as nose surgery, is a surgical procedure performed to make aesthetic or functional changes to the nose. This operation can be done both to improve the appearance of the nose and to correct breathing functions.

Rhinoplasty can change the size, shape of the nose, correct bumps on the nasal bridge, address issues with the nasal tip, or adjust the size of the nostrils. It can also correct structural problems such as a deviated septum (the wall inside the nose), thus facilitating easier breathing.

Types of Rhinoplasty Open Rhinoplasty: A method that involves lifting part of the nasal skin to better visualize the nasal structure. It is suitable for more complex cases. Closed Rhinoplasty: A method performed through incisions inside the nose. It leaves no scar and usually has a shorter recovery time. Revision Rhinoplasty: A corrective procedure done after a previous rhinoplasty operation when the desired outcomes were not achieved. Rhinoplasty (Nose Surgery) Procedure Preoperative Preparation

The preparation process for rhinoplasty requires the patient and surgeon to work together to achieve the best results for the operation. These preparation steps include:

Initial Consultation: The patient’s first meeting with the surgeon, where expectations, possible outcomes, and potential risks are discussed. In this consultation, the surgeon assesses the patient’s nasal structure and may use computer simulations to discuss how changes can align with the patient’s facial structure.

Medical History: Information is gathered about the patient’s medical history, previous operations, allergies, and medications.

Physical Examination: The surgeon evaluates the patient’s nasal structure, skin quality, and facial symmetry. This examination is critical in planning the operation. Preoperative Instructions: Specific instructions are given to the patient on what to do and what not to do before and after the operation. These instructions may include recommendations like not smoking and avoiding certain medications and supplements. Anesthesia and Surgical Techniques

Rhinoplasty is usually performed under general anesthesia, but local anesthesia may also be an option in some cases. The surgical technique depends on the patient’s needs and the changes being targeted:

Open Rhinoplasty: The surgeon makes a small incision under the nostrils in the skin, allowing full access to the internal structure of the nose. This technique is suitable for more complex changes. Closed Rhinoplasty: All incisions are made within the nostrils, leaving no external scar. It is preferred for simpler modifications. Recovery Process

The recovery process after rhinoplasty varies from patient to patient and can take several weeks:

Early Days: In the first days after surgery, applying cold compresses to the nose and surrounding areas can help reduce swelling and bruising. Patients are advised to keep their heads elevated. Swelling and Bruising: Swelling and bruising typically begin to decrease after the first week but may take several weeks to completely disappear.

Follow-up Visits: The surgeon regularly checks on the patient’s recovery process to prevent possible complications. Return to Activities: Patients can usually return to their normal activities a few weeks after the operation, but they may need to wait longer before resuming full sports activities.

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks and complications associated with rhinoplasty. Therefore, it is important to strictly follow the surgeon’s instructions and consult the surgeon immediately if any issues arise.

Post-Rhinoplasty Care and Its Effects on Quality of Life

The postoperative period is critical for the success of the rhinoplasty and the long-term maintenance of its results. The care and precautions taken during this period can significantly impact the patient’s quality of life.

Post-Rhinoplasty Care Recommendations Cold Compress Application: Applying cold compresses to the nose and surrounding area for the first few days after surgery is recommended to help reduce swelling and bruising.

Elevated Head Position: Keeping the head elevated during the recovery period, especially while sleeping, helps reduce swelling. Caution with Activities: Patients should avoid heavy exercise, swimming, and lifting during the recovery period. The surgeon will provide specific advice on when to resume daily and sports activities. Gentle Cleaning and Care: The nasal area should be gently cleaned and cared for during the recovery process, and any antibiotic ointments recommended by the doctor should be used. Avoiding Smoking and Alcohol: Smoking and alcohol can slow the recovery process and increase the risk of complications.

Therefore, it is recommended to avoid these substances before and after surgery. Attending Doctor’s Appointments: Scheduled follow-up visits are important to ensure the recovery process is progressing correctly and to detect any potential complications early. Effects on Quality of Life Aesthetic Satisfaction: Rhinoplasty can significantly improve the aesthetic appearance by making the nose more harmonious with the rest of the face. These changes can help patients feel more attractive and comfortable in social settings. Increased Self-Confidence: The improvement in appearance after rhinoplasty can lead to increased self-confidence in many patients.

Feeling better about themselves can lead to positive changes in their personal and professional lives. Improved Breathing Functions: Rhinoplasty can improve breathing by removing obstructions in the airway. Correcting issues like nasal congestion or deviation allows patients to breathe more easily, which can significantly improve sleep quality and reduce problems like sleep apnea and snoring. Long-Term Health Benefits: Improved breathing and increased self-confidence can have positive effects on overall health and quality of life. Patients feel better physically and psychologically, leading to a significant improvement in overall quality of life.

Rhinoplasty can offer significant benefits both aesthetically and functionally for patients. However, to ensure the success of the operation and long-term satisfaction, patients must closely follow the surgeon’s recommendations and pay careful attention to the recovery process.


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